Please disable adblock.

Ads are auto-removed on print.

How to Teach En-passant?

en passant explained Consider this position where it is Black to play.

As pointed out by the arrow, black can completely block the position and create something known as a pawn-lockup where whoever tries to reach the other side looses.

The game mostly ends up in a draw by repetition or agreement. This was a problem. It used to happen in high level tournaments and chess fraternity wanted a solution.

En-passant was introduced around 463 years ago to solve this pawn-lockup problem.

The “In Passing”:

  • The Double Jump: En passant allows you to capture an enemy pawn that just moved two squares from its starting position, landing right next to your pawn. It’s like saying, “Hey, you skipped a step, sneaky pawn! Now I get you!”

  • One Square Capture: But here’s the twist: you can only capture this pawn as if it had moved only one square. Imagine your pawn magically slides in and captures the “overconfident” one.

  • Next Move Only: This special capture is only allowed immediately after your opponent’s pawn makes the double jump. If you miss your chance, the opportunity vanishes like smoke!

en passant explained

Think Like a Ninja:

  • Visualize: Imagine an invisible square beside your pawn. If your opponent’s pawn lands on that square after its double jump, en passant is on!

  • Timing is Key: Remember, you only have one move to use en passant. Don’t get distracted and miss your chance!

  • Strategize: Ask yourself, “Will capturing this pawn help me achieve my goal?” Sometimes, letting it go might be part of a bigger plan.

Fun Facts for Young Grandmasters:

  • En passant is one of the most confusing rules in chess, even for adults!
  • It’s a rare move, but knowing it can give you a surprise advantage against unsuspecting opponents.
  • En passant comes from French and means “in passing,” reflecting the act of capturing the pawn as it “passes” your square.


  • En passant is not always the best move. Think carefully about the consequences before capturing.
  • Practice makes perfect! Play games and practice identifying en passant opportunities.
  • Most importantly, have fun! Learning chess is a journey, and mastering en passant adds a layer of excitement and challenge.

Now, coming back to the pawn-lockup we were discussing initially - after en-passant rule - it is not a problem at all.

en passant example explained

Generate How to Teach En-passant? Puzzles

Please disable adblock.

Ads are auto-removed on print.

Loading Chess go Puzzle PDF website